Prime Minister Narendra Modi will bring home 157 artefacts and antiquities, which were handed over to India by the US during his visit. During the US visit, PM Modi and President Joe Biden expressed commitment to strengthening efforts to combat theft, illicit trade and trafficking of cultural objects.
The list of 157 artefacts includes a diverse set of items ranging from the one-and-a-half metre bas relief panel of Revanta in sandstone of the 10th CE to the 8.5 cm tall, exquisite bronze Nataraja from the 12th CE.
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Among the artefacts, 71 are cultural, the other half consists of figurines related to Hinduism (60), Buddhism (16) and Jainism (9), an official statement said.
With this, the Modi government has brough 200 antiquities back to India from across the world. Government sources said that only 13 antiquities were retrieved by India from different countries between 1976 and 2013.
However, between 2014, when PM Modi came to power, and 2021, over 200 antiquities have either returned or are in the process of being returned, they added.
Between 2004 and 2014, only one ancient antiquity returned to India, the sources said. The Modi government has brought back more ancient Indian treasures than the four decades before it, they claimed Referring to the items handed over to India by the US during Modi’s ongoing trip, the official statement said they largely belong to the period of 11th CE to 14th CE as well as historic antiquities such as the copper anthropomorphic object of 2000 BC or the terracotta vase from the 2nd CE. Some 45 antiquities belong to Before Common Era, it said.
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Their make spreads across metal, stone and terracotta, the statement said. The bronze collection primarily contains ornate figurines of the well-known postures of Lakshmi Narayana, Buddha, Vishnu, Siva Parvathi and the 24 Jain Tirthankaras and the less common Kankalamurti, Brahmi and Nandikesa besides other unnamed deities and divine figures.
The statement noted that the motifs include religious sculptures from Hinduism– three headed Brahma, chariot driving Surya, Vishnu and his consorts, Siva as Dakshinamurti and dancing Ganesha among others, Buddhism– standing Buddha, Boddhisattva Majushri, Tara, and Jainism– Jain Tirthankara, Padmasana Tirthankara, Jaina Choubisi, as well as secular motifs, including amorphous couple in Samabhanga and chowri-bearer female playing drum among others.
There are 56 terracotta pieces and an 18th CE sword with sheath with inscription mentioning Guru Hargovind Singh in Persian, it added. PM Modi conveyed his deep appreciation for the repatriation of antiquities to India by the United States.
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