For the first time since 1978, Sri Lanka will elect the crisis-hit country’s next president through a secret vote by the MPs and not through a popular mandate, following the resignation of Gotabaya Rajapaksa who was ousted by a popular uprising against him.
IMAGE: The Sri Lankan parliament in session. Photograph: Reuters
The 225-member parliament will elect the new president by a secret vote on July 20, Speaker Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena said on Friday.
Never in the history of the presidency since 1978 has parliament had voted to elect a president. Presidential elections in 1982, 1988, 1994, 1999, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2019 had elected them by popular vote.
The only previous occasion when the presidency became vacant mid-term was in 1993 when President Ranasinghe Premadasa was assassinated. DB Wijetunga was unanimously endorsed by parliament to run the balance of Premadasa’s term.
The new president will serve the remaining tenure of Gotabaya Rajapaksa till November 2024.
The frontrunner in next week’s race would be Ranil Wickremesinghe. The 73-year-old became prime minister from nowhere in May when he assumed the job to handle the unprecedented economic crisis.
His United National Party was routed in the 2020 parliamentary election. Wickremesinghe for the first time failed to win a seat since 1977.
He made it to parliament in late 2021 through the party’s only seat allocated on the basis of cumulative national vote.
Unpopular he may be and hated for his pro-Western policies and ways, but he still enjoys acceptance as a thinker and strategist whose vision is futuristic.
With the island-nation facing its worst economic crisis since independence he has wider acceptance as the one with the capacity to steer the island through turbulence.
A man who always wanted to become president, Wickremesinghe had lost two presidential elections in 1999 and 2005.
Without parliamentary numbers of his own, Wickremesinghe would be entirely dependent on the ruling Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna member vote. Not a foregone conclusion of their support as the SLPP stays ideologically opposed to him.
The next main contender could be Sajith Premadasa, the main opposition leader.
Aged 55, the understudy of Wickremesinghe was the one who turned the tables on his former leader. His newly formed SJB ousted the grand old party of Wickremesinghe from all its bastions to emerge as the main opposition in 2020.
Ironically, it was his failure to step in to fill the power vacuum mid May which made way for Wickremesinghe to become prime minister from nowhere.
He only stands an outside chance as the most ruling SLPP members are unlikely to back him. Unlike Wickremesinghe, though he starts the race with 50 votes minimum.
Another hopeful is Dullas Alahapperuma, 63, from the breakaway group of the ruling SLPP.
The ex-cabinet minister for information and mass media and former newspaper columnist is being seen as a left-leaning political ideologue. He has held ministerial positions since 2005 and enjoys the reputation of having a clean public life. His task too would be uphill given his position as a breakaway member.
Field Marshal Sarath Fonseka, 71, the Army commander who won the military conflict with the LTTE in its bid to set up a separate Tamil home land in the north and east regions, could be a potential candidate.
Fonseka enjoys support among the Sinhala Buddhist majority.
He comes out as the only politician who was not opposed by the wider group of protesters who engineered Rajapaksa’s downfall. He would, however, only come into the race if his leader Premadasa opted out of the contest.